Eleven years into the Syrian conflict, the Syrian refugee crisis remains the largest refugee and displacement crisis of our time. Currently Lebanon hosts more than 1 million Syrian refugees scattered throughout more than 2,100 urban and rural communities in the country. Syrian refugees facing unresolved housing, land and property (HLP) challenges are reluctant to return to their areas of origin, despite the difficult socioeconomic situation they currently experience in Lebanon. HLP issues are critical and inextricably tied to many aspects of their lives (such as personal safety, justice and identity) and are a prerequisite for accessing health, education and basic services, as well as for earning a living in Lebanon and eventually for returning to Syria.

Under the research project “Housing, Land and Property (HLP) Rights Challenges Faced in Syria by Refugees Currently Living in Lebanon – Humanitarian Response” funded by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), UN-Habitat and the Global Land Tool Network developed a report and a policy brief, available in English and Arabic.

Titled Promoting and Protecting Housing, Land and Property Rights of Syrian Refugees Living in Lebanon: Towards an Integrated Response, the report analyses and identifies trends and patterns of HLP issues that Syrian refugees currently residing in Lebanon face in their areas of origin in Syria and looks at solutions offered by the country’s current legal and institutional framework. The policy brief outlines a set of recommendations geared towards preserving the HLP rights of Syrian refugees living in Lebanon back in Syria. These recommendations take into account the current HLP settings in both Syria and Lebanon, and they are addressed to the international community, government authorities, humanitarian and development actors, and donors.

This research constitutes an important piece of the broader scheme of HLP interventions for Syria and contributes to the overall knowledge on and understanding of Syrian refugees’ HLP issues in the conflict and post-conflict situation in Syria.