UN-Habitat in Indonesia

Country Information

Indonesia is a member of G20, the world’s fourth most populous country, the world's largest archipelagic nation with 17,508 islands (6,000 inhabited) divided by the equator, located between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean stretching from East to West at the distance equivalent to London and Moscow covering areas of 1,904,569 sq km (land 1,811,569 sq km, water 93,000 sq km) with 54,716 km coastline.

Total population is 237,641,326 (2010 census data) with 1.49% rates it is estimated to achieve pass 300 million by the year 2035. 57% of the population lives in the island of Java. GDP per capita is $3,303 (2013 est.) with people live under the poverty lines is declining to 11.47%. Poverty level is declining to11.47% and Gini coefficient is improving from 0.329 to 0.41 in the past decade.

Indonesia's HDI is a medium level at 0.629 moving three levels up to rank 121. Dependency ratio is 51.8% in 2013 and estimated to the lowest 47.3% of 'demographic bonus' in 2035. Main challenges are urban unemployment, uneven development of infrastructures and unequal resource distribution among regions especially in the Eastern part of the country. UN Habitat has been supporting Indonesia since the 1980's in the areas of urban planning, basic infrastructures development, housing and slums upgrading, as well as innovation in urban policy reform.

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Kemal Taruc
Habitat Programme Manager
UN-Habitat Indonesia


UN-Habitat since 1990 has supported Indonesia's innovation and capacity building in urban policy reforms in the areas of human settlements, such as pilot projects on City Development Strategy (CDS) in Solo, Pekalongan, and Banjarmasin with Cities Alliance and WB; Training for Improved Municipality Solid Waste Management in 13 districts/cities in Aceh and Nias with Multi Donor Fund and UNDP; earthquake disaster response in West Sumatera; support to post-tsunami reconstruction in Aceh and Nias (ANSSP), Capacity Building to Sustain Peace and Integration in West Timor (AUP-CBSPI) with EU, as well as supports to the national Breakthrough Urban Initiatives for Local Development (BUILD) in 9 cities, Integrated Urban Infrastructure Development Program (IUIDP) in 12 cities, Partnership for Local Economic Development (PLED/KPEL) supports in 51 districts, National Shelter Strategy in Central Java Province, among others. National and local officials have been partnering with UN Habitat, experiment and implement novel approaches on building their new urban policies and works with local communities and civil society organisations for a better service delivery and good practices.