Ecuador

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Aerial view of Quito, Ecuador. © Shutterstock

  • Total value of UN-Habitat investments (2008-2013): US$ 2,870,171
  • Total number of UN-Habitat projects (2008-2013): 2 projects
  • Main donors: MDG Achievement Fund (MDG-F, funded by Spain)
  • Implementing partners: UNDP, FAO, UNESCO, UNWTO, UNIFEM, as well as AECID, the Spanish International Cooperation Agency & SENAGUA, MIDUVI, AME

Ecuador is the first country to recognize the rights of nature on its Constitution, enacted on 2008. It also includes the recognition of the right to the city, the right to a healthy and safety habitat, and access to an adequate housing as well. The activities developed by UN-Habitat in Ecuador are totally engaged with the Constitution and with the National Plan for Good Living, as it is the road map for public action to construct people’s rights.

General information

UN-Habitat promotes the sustainable urbanization within the national and local level in Ecuador, a country of a great biodiversity and ethnically diverse, by participating and assisting the Housing and Urban Development Ministry as well as to some municipalities. UN-Habitat is part of the National Sectorial Council of Habitat, Human Settlements and Housing, created on 2011, made out of delegates of the different administrative regions of the country. Also, the national office has supported the installation of the National Habitat Committee.

It is established since 2012 and provides a space for analysis and reflection on housing and sustainable urban development issues in order to prepare the national position towards Habitat III. This is a plural and voluntary space with representatives of civil society, local authorities, academy, national government, private institutions and international agencies linked to the theme. The National office is an advisory body of these two Committees.

UN-Habitat projects in Ecuador

The National office has defined two major areas of work in order to support and promote the sustainable development in Ecuador and directly related with the National Plan for Good Living:

  • Technical Support for institutional strengthening and the building of urban policy, at national and local levels, aimed at promotion and guarantee the rights to housing, water, the city and the habitat.
  • Technical Support for the development of tools and methodologies on urban planning, land management and management of basic services, under principles of environmental sustainability and equity, to local and national level.

In order to achieve our goal and considering the focus areas, Ecuador Country Program (HCPD) has raised the following strategic objectives, among others:

  • Support the strengthening of institutional and regulatory processes, at the national level, aimed at ensuring the right to adequate housing, the right to the city, the sustainable urban development and citizen participation in the formulation and monitoring of public policy and legislation.
  • To strengthen the capacities of urban planning and management of decentralized self-governments, through the promotion and exchange of good practices.
  • Generate greater skills and tools to develop an adaptive response by the local and national actors, allowing facing the challenges of climate change, with special emphasis on cities.
  • Promote the Habitat Agenda among national counterparts and inside United Nations system.

The national office had provided assistance in several projects:

Governance in the water and sanitation sector in Ecuador within the Framework of the Millennium Development Goals (F080)

The programme contributed to the creation of democratic and sustainable governance in water and sanitation services, focusing on integrated water management by river basins and promoting social, territorial and gender equality. The project contributed to the state reform process being pushed through by the current government within the framework of the National Development Plan in a sector that is crucial for fulfilling the Millennium Development Goals and sustainable human development in Ecuador.

Conservation and Sustainable Management of the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve Natural and Cultural Heritage (F071)

The Joint Project “Conservation and Sustainable Management of the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve Natural and Cultural Heritage” aimed at supporting the conservation and management of the Yasuni Biosphere Reserve (YBR). This project seeks to advance the achievement of MDG 7 (ensure environmental sustainability) through contributing to the conservation of one of the areas of greatest biological and cultural diversity of the world through the implementation of community-based economic alternatives. The programme contributed to the compliance of MDG 1, giving priority to vulnerable populations. It also contributed to the protection of the rights of indigenous populations living in voluntary isolation.

Identification of good practices, public policies and legislation for facilitating the provision of local urban basic services II – City To City (A121)

The programme aims to encourage a scenario for the exchange of experiences and learning among local governments in the Iberoamerican region and the Spanish Decentralized Cooperation. The component City to City developed actions in Cuenca through alliances between some Spanish cities as part of the decentralized cooperation, looking to strengthen the urban planning and sharing experiences around the priorities of sustainable urban development.

Settlement Upgrading in Cuenca

UN-Habitat is providing ongoing planning support for peri urban settlement upgrading and integration in Cuenca

Revitalizing public spaces in Quito

As part of the preparations for Habitat III Conference, the public space programme is planning the upgrading and revitalization of public spaces in Quito and more specifically a proposed intervention in the neighborhoods of La Floresta and La Mariscal. The Municipality is preparing a management plan for the La Mariscal area. The main objective of this initiative is to contribute to the transformation and participatory revitalization of public space in La Mariscal, Quito, as a driver of social cohesion, economic inclusion and cultural expression, and to position the intervention as a model that feeds the discussions related to the New Urban Agenda and Habitat III.

Project Duration: 2016

Contacts

UN-Habitat National Office in Ecuador
Av. Amazonas 2889 y La Granja
Edif. Naciones Unidas, piso 10
+593 22460330, ext 2016
ecuador@onuhabitat.org