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This publication highlights the key achievements of the project “Sustainable Resettlement through Community-Driven Improvement of the Learning Environment in Mannar District, Sri Lanka” implemented through a participatory people’s process from 2015 -2017. Through this project, UN-Habitat supported the construction and improvement of learning facilities in 25 schools in Mannar district with funding from the Government of Japan. It supported the construction of primary and secondary classroom buildings, water, sanitation and hygiene facilities and teachers’ quarters benefitting 10,000 returnees including 6,800 school children. More info →
The supply of affordable and adequate housing has been overwhelmed by the demand of the millions of rural poor who have migrated to cities in hope of finding better employment, health care, and better educational opportunities. According to UN estimates, the urban population of the developing world alone will increase from 2.7 billion in the year 2011 to 5.1 billion by 2050. To accommodate the more than 2 billion new arrivals, the urban footprint of cities in the developing world is expected to double by 2030—and triple by 2050. This rapid increase in both urban population and the physical size of cities implies a pressing need for housing and land. According to Reinhard Goethert of the MIT School of Architecture, “We have 20 years to build as much urban housing as was built in the past 6,000 years.”5 This is a challenge that will require an approach that is completely unprecedented in terms of scale and speed. More info →
Migration, especially forced migration, is one of the defining phenomena of the 21st century. Millions of people across the global have fled armed conflicts, persecutions, natural disasters, and/or economic hardships in recent years. Whether they crossed national borders or stayed within the geographic limits of the country in which they originally resided, their ultimate movement has mostly been towards cities. It is impossible to stop the influx of migrants into urban areas in the foreseeable future. People will continue to move towards cities in search for livelihood opportunities, security, and a decent life. Unfortunately, due to lack of planning and resources, many end up in overcrowded and underserved settlements or in remote urban areas that lack basic infrastructure, social services and connectivity to labour markets. Denied access to formal job opportunities and social protection systems and excluded from the urban advantages that they are seeking in cities, migrants, particularly the most vulnerable ones, are often stigmatized as a problem rather than recognized for their energy and potential contribution to urban life. More info →
The International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning (IG-UTP) are a pivotal component of the framework for delivering a sustainable urban future. This book as a whole contains the strategic considerations and supporting line of reasoning that need to be considered when applying the IG-UTP. It is not a primer on planning and hence does not cover every issue encompassed by the IG-UTP. The starting point is that planning has to adjust to a new global context. Traditional forms of planning were formulated before concerns such as climate change, inclusion, metropolitanisation, spatial justice, gender, or resilience were considerations. Furthermore, an unprecedented extent of urban development is now unplanned and many cities are overwhelmed by dysfunctional and often slum-led urban growth. Planning needs to adjust to these new realities so that we do not continue on the current trajectory. Thus, there needs to be a culture change within the planning profession and among decision-makers and stakeholders. We need to build on the strengths of the planning tradition and to adapt to the complexity of accelerating global change by delivering at scale at a more rapid pace. Fiscal, taxation, governance, management and environmental regulation measures need to be supported by an integrative and nimble UTP that is strategic, participatory and based on human rights principles. More info →
The International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning (IG-UTP) in 2015 are becoming an increasingly relevant instrument for the achievement of universal objectives since their release in 2015 as now acknowledged in the New Urban Agenda, and consequently, becoming a key contributor to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. The IG-UTP Implementation Report has been developed as a collection of experiences and findings both from UN-Habitat and IG-UTP countries and partners in using the IG-UTP at the global, national and local levels. It is the culmination of the first biennium of implementation of the Guidelines, the period 2015 – 2017, and it builds upon the results of the Global Survey on Urban and Territorial Planning formulated by UN-Habitat to track the adoption and use of the IG-UTP within countries. For the actors illustrated in this report, the Guidelines represent a collective voice for planning as they enable different roads and entries to the improvement of planning systems worldwide through their multilevel, multi-stakeholder and multi-sector model that leads all to one common goal: sustainable urban development. More info →
The Kenya Habitat Country Programme Document (HCPD) 2018-2021 is in line with the UN-Habitat mandate under the Governing Council Resolution 21/2 of 2007 aimed at aligning UN-Habitat’s normative and operational activities at country level. Through HCDPs, UN-Habitat and respective countries jointly prioritise what is needed in human settlement development, including in the areas of housing, basic service delivery and improving the urban environment by ensuring that infrastructure is environmentally friendly More info →
According to Our Global Neighborhood released by the Commission on Global Governance in 1995, ‘Governance is the sum of many ways individuals and institutions, public and private, manage their common affairs. It is a continuing process through which conflicting or diverse interests may be accommodated and co-operative action taken. It includes formal institutions and regimes empowered to enforce compliance, as well as informal arrangements that people and institutions either have agreed to or perceive to be in their interest’. More info →
A distinctive feature of urbanization in the last 50 years is the expansion of urban populations and built development well beyond what was earlier conceived as the city limit, resulting in metropolitan areas. This is challenging the relevance of traditional municipal boundaries, and by extension, traditional governing structures and institutions. "Steering the Metropolis: Metropolitan Governance for Sustainable Urban Development,” encompasses the reflections of thought and practice leaders on the underlying premises for governing metropolitan space, sectoral adaptations of those premises, and dynamic applications in a wide variety of contexts. Those reflections are structured into three sections. Section 1 discusses the conceptual underpinnings of metropolitan governance, analyzing why political, technical, and administrative arrangements at this level of government are needed. Section 2 deepens the discussion by addressing specific sectoral themes of mobility, land use planning, environmental management, and economic production, as well as crosscutting topics of metropolitan governance finance, and monitoring and evaluation. Section 3 tests the concepts and their sectoral adaptations against the practice, with cases from Africa, America, Asia, and Europe. More info →
Sustainable Urbanization in the Paris Agreement’ – a comparative review of Nationally Determined Contributions for Urban Content”, a UN-Habitat publication coming on the heels of Habitat III, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and COP22. The adoption of the New Urban Agenda (NUA) on 20 October 2016, and the entry into force of the Paris Agreement on Climate Change two weeks later, on 4 November 2016, are a strong first step toward the immediate implementation of Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, in urban- and climate change related matters. In this final version of the publication, UN-Habitat analyzes the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) towards the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, with a special focus on the urban context, in order to understand better the roles of member states in urban climate action. The result is very encouraging: over two-thirds – 113 out of 164 – of the submitted NDCs show clear urban references and content, establishing the relationship between sustainable urbanization and climate action. Through the New Urban Agenda and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, UN-Habitat stands ready to support member states to implement their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). More info →
"Afghanistan's future is urban. The population of Afghan cities is expected to double within the next 15 years and by 2060, one in every two Afghans will be living in cities. This transition represents already and will continue to represent, an enormous challenge but also an opportunity for the Government, the private sector, Afghanistan's international development partners, and, most importantly, households themselves, to deliver adequate housing for all Afghans. Meeting the housing challenge will be an opportunity to build peace and stability in the country. The first ever Afghanistan Housing Profile systematically analyses the legislative, regulatory, institutional, economic and customary challenges faced by millions of Afghans in securing adequate housing. The Profile also proposes a host of possible solutions for housing sector stakeholders to implement over the coming years, recognizing that Afghanistan's future will be inextricably linked to the prospect of establishing an effective and inclusive Afghan housing sector." More info →
Cities are a driving force of the 21st century. Through bringing large numbers of people into close proximity, they spark economic growth, foster innovation, and generate prosperity. But they face the pressing challenges of creating a livable environment for their residents, enabling economic activity that benefits all citizens, and fostering urban development that is environmentally sustainable, equitable, and resilient to disruptive forces. Particularly urgent is the need to finance this development: To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, an estimated $3 trillion to $4 trillion is needed annually. In an increasingly urban world, cities play a pivotal role in closing this financial gap. More info →
The National Solidarity Programme (NSP) was a flagship programme of the Government of Afghanistan benefiting from more than $2.3 billion of donor funding. The programme had the goal of building peace and solidarity amongst the people and to empower them to be responsible for local level governance and development. More info →
This publication on Urban-Rural Linkages reaffirms that the discourse on urbanization must depart from the traditional and outdated dichotomy of urban and rural; in order for urban and rural areas to be sustainable they must develop in tandem, inequalities must be reduced and the development gap bridged. Urban and rural spaces are inextricably linked economically, socially and environmentally and cannot be adequately dealt with in isolation from one another. Recognizing this urban-rural continuum also highlights how partnerships, collaboration and unity in action can yield dividends for all people, regardless of age, gender or whether they live in urban or rural areas. More info →