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Annual Progress Report 2017

Annual Progress Report 2017

Genre: Featured
This is the fourth Annual Progress Report on the implementation of the six-year strategic plan (2014-2019). The annual report is meant to communicate, in a transparent and accountable manner, the impact of UN-Habitat’s work as well as the use of resources by the Organization. The report, has been prepared in response to the Governing Council resolution 25/3 of April 2015, marks the end of the second of the three consecutive biennial work programmes and budgets that implement the six-year strategic plan. More info →
Global Experiences in Land Readjustment: Urban Legal Case Studies: Volume 7
Urban Law in Colombia – Urban Legal Case Study 5

Urban Law in Colombia – Urban Legal Case Study 5

The Colombian legal-urban framework is a robust and complex structure of tools that seek to meet land’s “social and ecological function”, defined by Colombia’s 1991 Constitution. It has become a renowned example in Latin America, as it introduces many different principles and tools that other countries in the region had not implemented or utilized. The strengthening of urban development and territorial planning as key elements in the overall development of Colombia has led to the creation of strong and renovated institutions, which seek to manage, coordinate, and control the new principles and tools for territorial development. More info →
International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning (IG-UTP) Handbook

International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning (IG-UTP) Handbook

In 2015, the Governing Council of UN-Habitat approved the International Guidelines on Urban and Territorial Planning as a set of universal principles for the improvement of policies, plans, designs and implementation processes that lead to more compact, socially inclusive, better integrated and connected cities and territories that foster sustainable urban development and are resilient to climate change. Still, while the Guidelines serve as a compass to guide decision-makers, a practical companion is required to operationalize their principles and recommendations. This handbook for the Guidelines is that companion, and part of a series of tools designed by UN-Habitat to improve planning practice. The approach of the Guidelines requires that planning is examined not only as a technical tool for urban and territorial change, but is also tested for the quality of the decision-making processes. Thus, the handbook provides an overview of the scope of topics covered by the Guidelines and puts special emphasis on planning processes, products and outcomes while making reference to additional tools, literature and resources for planners, civil society actors and policy-makers at the national and local levels. More info →
Paris Agreement

Paris Agreement

Global greenhouse gas emissions from human activity have increased significantly since the preindustrial era, driven by socio-economic progress and population growth. This has led to unprecedented atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases (GHGs) recorded over the last 800,000 years (IPCC 2014a). The increase in atmospheric GHG concentrations leads to global warming and climate change. Climate change is increasingly felt around the world, with negative impacts affecting more and more people worldwide. As a result global attention to climate change has increased significantly over the past decades, and more and more countries, businesses and individuals are discussing, demanding, and taking, climate action. More info →
Land Tenure Security in Selected Countries – Global Report

Land Tenure Security in Selected Countries – Global Report

Land tenure systems are the product of historical and cultural factors and they reflect the relationships between people, society and land (Payne, 2002). Land tenure comprises the customary and/or legal/statutory rights that individuals or groups have to land and related resources, and the resulting social relationships between the members of society (Kuhnen, 1982). Each country has developed specific land tenure concepts that are based on historical and current values and norms. The concepts determine the present tenure systems and they have often been shaped by an evolutionary process. In many cases, endogenous forces act as drivers that sharpen and change tenure systems, for example population growth, industrialization and urbanization, or accelerating natural resource exploitation. More info →
Scoping and Status Study on Land and Conflict (English 2016)

Scoping and Status Study on Land and Conflict (English 2016)

The global population is facing a range of large-scale challenges, which create increased competition and conflict over land at the transnational, national, subnational, local and family levels. This will increase over the next decades. By 2050 the world’s population will grow to around 9.6 billion people, with a population growth rate of 1 billion every 12 years. Already more than 50 per cent live in urban areas. All these people will need access to land and have to be fed in a sustainable way. The impact of this growth will be the greatest in the developing world, and particularly in Africa, where large-scale urbanization is expected. In 2010, 40 per cent of the population in developing countries was under 15 and young people (15-24 years) account for another 20 per cent. Young people are the least likely to have secure tenure (UN-Habitat/GLTN) and are a key vulnerable group. They are also the most likely to engage in conflict. More info →
Remaking the urban mosaic – Participatory and inclusive land readjustment

Remaking the urban mosaic – Participatory and inclusive land readjustment

The farmers of Fátima were sceptical t first: what did the provincial government want to do with their land? Fátima is a bairro (neighbourhood) on the southeastern edge of Huambo, the second-largest city in Angola, close to the airport. The provincial government wanted to make the land available for the city’s expansion. The area was still mostly farmland, but it was divided up into lots of irregular plots: too small and higgledy-piggledy to plan in a rational way. Each plot by itself was not worth much: most lacked road access and basic infrastructure. How could the land be allocated for development, while making sure the landholders got a fair deal? More info →
Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration : Guiding Principles for Country Implementation

Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration : Guiding Principles for Country Implementation

Many developed countries have strong land institutions and laws that protect the citizens’ relationship with land and provide land administration services to secure and often guarantee land rights. These services directly support land markets that underpin modern economies. Security of tenure is taken for granted. More info →
Cross-Cutting Issues Progress Report 2017

Cross-Cutting Issues Progress Report 2017

The UN-Habitat Strategic Plan 2014-2019 identifies four Cross-Cutting Issues to be mainstreamed: Climate Change, Gender Equality, Human Rights and Youth. The aim of mainstreaming these issues is to support country, regional and thematic offices, in order to ensure that all UN-Habitat work is targeting those furthest behind and promoting socially and environmentally sustainable cities. Mainstreaming does not require that each and every project directly aims to address and solve these issues, but rather that they are contributing to the larger long-term goals of UN-Habitat, the New Urban Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals. More info →
Framework for evaluating Continuum of Land Rights scenarios

Framework for evaluating Continuum of Land Rights scenarios

A significant portion of land interests around the world are not recorded, leaving a large number of people vulnerable to land grabbing by the state and other powerful interests. The continuum of land rights is gaining traction globally as a metaphor to guide policies and strategies to improve equity in land tenure and land transactions, and to increase official recognition of different tenure types that provide various levels of security. The continuum offers an alternative approach to the dominant focus on titling of individually held private property as the ultimate form of tenure security, or the end goal of land tenure reforms. It promotes recognition and increase of security across the continuum, with opportunity for movement or transformation between different tenure forms. More info →
Leveraging Land: Land-based Finance for Local Governments – A Reader

Leveraging Land: Land-based Finance for Local Governments – A Reader

One important pattern among highly urbanized countries is that they tend to rely more heavily on land-based taxes. A review of 64 countries shows a strong positive correlation between the urban population percentage and land-based taxes as a percentage of GDP. The table presented in the adjacent box illustrates this point. While the average land-based tax revenue for these countries is about 0.75 per cent of GDP, the average among highly urbanized, high-income countries is over 1.5 per cent of GDP. The table suggests that as urbanization intensifies in a country, and especially if income levels increase, land becomes increasingly important in financing sustainable urban development. More info →
Leveraging Land: Land-based Finance for Local Governments. A Trainer’s Guide

Leveraging Land: Land-based Finance for Local Governments. A Trainer’s Guide

This guide is intended for trainers and facilitators in the GLTN and UN-Habitat Land-based Finance (LBF) Training course. LBF is a collective name given to a range of instruments by which local governments expand their revenue base and generate funds that will help them realize their service delivery, infrastructure development and maintenance goals. The broader contexts within which this tool is being developed are local governance and sustainable urbanization. The LBF tool is premised on the fact that urban land is a key factor of production and an important source of financing for urban development, including infrastructure, social housing and basic services. More info →
Implementation of Responsible Land Governance – Turkana County, Kenya

Implementation of Responsible Land Governance – Turkana County, Kenya

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Global Land Tool Network (GLTN) both recognize the importance of prioritizing and addressing issues related, but not limited, to customary land because of its huge potential to contribute to poverty reduction and positive potential impacts at a global level. In this regard, the two agencies are supporting the Ministry of Lands, Physical Planning and Urban Areas Management (MLPPUAM) of the Turkana County Government in Kenya to develop and rollout a land information management system (LIMS) to manage urban and customary land tenure within the county. More info →
Land Governance: A Review and Analysis of Key International Frameworks

Land Governance: A Review and Analysis of Key International Frameworks

Land and the way it is accessed, used and controlled is a key element of sustainable social and economic development, peace and stability, and the realization of human rights. This makes land governance a cornerstone for the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and explains the attention that international instruments pay to it. Recently, the endorsement of various international frameworks has provided an impetus for the global land sector community as new opportunities emerged through these frameworks. More info →
A Multi-Country Capacity Assessment of National Statistical Offices Preparedness to Report on SDG Indicator 1.4.2

A Multi-Country Capacity Assessment of National Statistical Offices Preparedness to Report on SDG Indicator 1.4.2

United Nations Member States have committed to the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within a time frame of 15 years, endorsing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 70/1. More info →
Women and Land in the Muslim World

Women and Land in the Muslim World

Access to land is a key element that allows women and men to fully play their role in building peaceful, stable and prosperous societies and to enjoy the full range of human rights. Indeed, the social and economic development of communities and societies cannot take place in a sustainable manner without the full contribution of women. This report provides practical and evidence-based guidance on how to improve women’s access to land in the specific context of the Muslim world. More info →
Valuation of Unregistered Lands: A Policy Guide

Valuation of Unregistered Lands: A Policy Guide

Unregistered land rights may account for over 70 per cent of the land rights in a developing country (UNHabitat/ GLTN and IIRR, 2012). Often, there are either no or non-standard valuations in these areas. This holds back economic growth and can lead to hardship for the poor. GLTN, working with the international valuation industry, has initiated the development of guidance on this issue for policy makers, practitioners and other stakeholders. It is based on existing valuation methods. More info →
Planning Law Assessment Framework

Planning Law Assessment Framework

Genre: Featured
Ensuring that planning laws fulfill their functions as effectively as possible means that they are frequently under scrutiny as contexts and needs change. The Planning Law Assessment Framework, developed by the Urban Legislation Unit of UN-Habitat, is a quick self-assessment tool that aims to identify the strengths and weaknesses of an urban planning legal system. It looks at the laws, regulations and decrees that are applicable in a city, and enacted at different levels. More info →
Global State of National Urban Policy

Global State of National Urban Policy

Today, more than 50 per cent of the world’s population lives in cities. This figure will increase to a projected 66 per cent by the middle of this century and 85 per cent by 2100. Within 150 years, the urban population will have increased from less than one billion people in 1950 to nine billion by 2100 More info →
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