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4.1 General concept
Effective implementation of RBM requires that evaluation become an integral part of the RBM framework of an organization18. Also, there is an increasingly widespread understanding that effective ways of managing-for-results require both RBM-oriented measurement of results, as well as evaluative information generated by evaluations. This suggests that evaluation is an important tool in promoting sound RBM systems that promote managing for results, help institutionalize a culture of reflection and learning, and contribute to accountability.
Evaluation at UN-Habitat is governed by regulations and rules of the United Nations Secretariat, as put forth by the Secretary-General in 200019, and guided by the UN-Habitat Evaluation Policy20, which is in conformity with the Norms and Standards for Evaluation in the UN System developed by the United Nations Evaluation Group21, as well as the Revised UN-Habitat Evaluation Framework document22.
The UN-Habitat Evaluation Policy was adopted in 2013 to strengthen the evaluation function in UN-Habitat. The policy describes the institutional framework for the planning, conduct, management, reporting, follow-up and use of evaluations. The norms and standards as expressed in the policy and the UNEG Norms and Standards for Evaluation in the UN system, guide the practice and use of evaluation in UN-Habitat. The revised framework document specifies evaluation performance targets for UN-Habitat, identifies which projects require evaluation, and outlines responsibilities of project managers and the Evaluation Unit as well as guides on how to cost evaluations.
The purpose of the evaluation chapter of this Handbook is to provide staff members who are either tasked with managing and /or conducting evaluations with practical guidance on conducting evaluations. The chapter is also useful to those responsible for designing, managing and monitoring programmes and projects.
This section addresses the basic questions of evaluation: What is an evaluation? Why does UN-Habitat carry out evaluations? What is evaluation in the UN system and what are UN-Habitat’s expectations, roles and responsibilities in evaluation?
18 The Role of Evaluation in results-based management ( UNEG/REF(2007)1
19 Secretary-General’s Bulletin, “ Regulations and Rules Governing Programme Planning, the Programming Aspects of the Budget, the Monitoring of Implementation and the Methods of Evaluation (PPBME)”, ST/SGB/2000/8
20 UN-Habitat Evaluation Policy was approved by UN-Habitat Management in January 2013. It is available at http:// www.unevaluation.org/evaluations
21United Nations Evaluation Group (UNEG), “Norms and Standards for Evaluation in the UN System”, April 2005 (available online at http://www.uneval.org).
22“Revised UN-Habitat Evaluation Framework”, approved by UN-Habitat Management in September 2015 and adopted by Executive Directive of 5th January 2016.