Compared to rural areas, cities and towns generally offer women more diverse work opportunities to increase financial independence, greater ease in accessing education at different levels, better access to healthcare, more chances to socialize outside the home, more opportunities for filling community or political leadership roles and, perhaps most importantly, more possibilities to redefine traditional roles of men and women. However, women and men and girls and boys do experience cities differently, and they do not benefit equally from urbanization and the opportunities in cities. Some of the most pressing gender issues affecting urban development are:

Women and girls’ right to land and housing
Safety and security of women and girls in cities
Women and slums
Livelihood and economic empowerment of women and girls
Women and girls in local and urban governance
Women and girls’ health
UN-Habitat´s work to promote gender equal towns and cities


GEN Learn about the Gender Equality Network   Safer Cities Learn about the Global Network on Safer Cities

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