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A slum area in Indonesia. © Shutterstock

  • Total value of UN-Habitat investments (2008-2013): US$ 5,942,738
  • Total number of UN-Habitat projects (2008-2013): 11 projects
  • Main donors: Asian Development Bank (ADB), International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Switzerland, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Indonesia and the European Commission (EC)
  • Implementing partners: IFRC Global Shelter, UNDP and the Institute for Research and Empowerment (IRE)

Indonesia is a member of G20, the world’s fourth most populous country, the world’s largest archipelagic nation with 17,508 islands (6,000 inhabited) divided by the equator, located between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean stretching from East to West at the distance equivalent to London and Moscow covering areas of 1,904,569 sq km (land 1,811,569 sq km, water 93,000 sq km) with 54,716 km coastline.

General information

Total population is 237,641,326 (2010 census data) with 1.49% rates it is estimated to achieve pass 300 million by the year 2035. 57% of the population lives in the island of Java. GDP per capita is $3,303 (2013 est.) with people live under the poverty lines is declining to 11.47%. Poverty level is declining to11.47% and Gini coefficient is improving from 0.329 to 0.41 in the past decade.

Indonesia’s Human development Index (HDI) is a medium level at 0.629 moving three levels up to rank 121. Dependency ratio is 51.8% in 2013 and estimated to the lowest 47.3% of ‘demographic bonus’ in 2035. Main challenges are urban unemployment, uneven development of infrastructures and unequal resource distribution among regions especially in the Eastern part of the country. UN-Habitat has been supporting Indonesia since the 1980’s in the areas of urban planning, basic infrastructures development, housing and slums upgrading, as well as innovation in urban policy reform. 

UN-Habitat projects in Indonesia

Since 1990, UN-Habitat has supported Indonesia’s innovation and capacity building in urban policy reforms in the areas of human settlements, such as (among others):

  • Pilot projects on City Development Strategy (CDS) in Solo, Pekalongan and Banjarmasin, with Cities Alliance and World Bank
  • Training for Improved Municipality Solid Waste Management in 13 districts/cities in Aceh and Nias with Multi Donor Fund and UNDP
  • Earthquake disaster response in West Sumatra
  • Support to post-tsunami reconstruction in Aceh and Nias (ANSSP)
  • Capacity Building to Sustain Peace and Integration in West Timor (AUP-CBSPI) with EU
  • Support to the national Breakthrough Urban Initiatives for Local Development (BUILD) in 9 cities
  • Integrated Urban Infrastructure Development Program (IUIDP) in 12 cities
  • Partnership for Local Economic Development (PLED/KPEL) supports in 51 districts
  • National Shelter Strategy in Central Java Province

National and local officials have been partnering with UN-Habitat, experiment and implement novel approaches on building their new urban policies and works with local communities and civil society organizations for a better service delivery and good practices.

Public Space for Surabaya

UN-Habitat is working withUCLG-ASPEC on renovating a public space site in Surabaya. A participatory Minecraft workshop with the community was held in July 2016 to develop a design for the site. 

Project duration: 2016 – ongoing

Promoting Urban Low Emission Development Strategies (Urban LEDS)

The Project was initiated to support innovative strategies in addressing the urban dimension of climate change in cities in emerging economies. The objective of the Project was to enhance the transition to low emission urban development. Two Model Cities – Bogor and Balikpapan – received intensive assistance, as well as four Satellite Cities. Project activities included partnership building that resulted in national (PAG) and local working groups (Model City Working Groups) that contributed to an informed programme implementation. Bogor completed its GHG Inventory, and the emissions inventory in Balikpapan was in its final stages.

Duration of project: 1 March 2012 – 31 March 2016

Value: € 6.700.000 (Multi country)

Donor: European Commission

Implementing Partners: National government, respective local governments, ICLEI 


Kemal Taruc
Habitat Programme Manager (HPM)
UN-Habitat Indonesia

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